What is Recruitment?

Recruitment refers to the overall process of attracting, selecting and appointing suitable candidates for jobs within an organization. Recruitment can also refer to processes involved in choosing individuals for unpaid positions, such as voluntary roles or unpaid trainee roles.

Managers and recruitment specialists may be tasked with carrying out recruitment, but in some cases public-sector employment agencies, commercial recruitment agencies, or specialist search consultancies are used to undertake parts of the process. Internet-bases technologies to support all aspects of recruitment have become widespread.

The processes involved in recruitment are:

  • Job Analysis
    • In situations where multiple new jobs are created and recruited for the first time, or the nature of a job has substantially changed, a job analysis might be undertaken to document the knowledge, skills, abilities and other characteristics (KSAOs) required or sought for the job.
  • Sourcing
    • Sourcing is the use of one or more strategies to attract or identify candidates to fill job vacancies.
  • Screening and Selection
    • Recruiters typically assess suitability for a job by looking for a candidate with the KSAOs desirable for that job.